2010/11 + 2018/21 – Bendigo (Southern) (Victoria) – E.coli, Nickel, Turbidity

2010/11: Bendigo (Southern). E.coli
2010/11 Bendigo (Southern) E.coli  14/100mL (99.2% samples no e.coli ) (1 positive)

Thermotolerant coliforms are a sub-group of coliforms that are able to grow at 44.5 ± 0.2°C. E. coli is the most common thermotolerant coliform present in faeces and is regarded as the most specific indicator of recent faecal contamination because generally it is not capable of growth in the environment. In contrast, some other thermotolerant coliforms (including strains of Klebsiella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter) are able to grow in the environment and their presence is not necessarily related to faecal contamination. While tests for thermotolerant coliforms can be simpler than for E. coli, E. coli is considered a superior indicator for detecting faecal contamination…” ADWG

22/2/18: Bendigo – Southern (Victoria) – Nickel

A sample, collected from the distribution system as part of Coliban Water’s sampling program, had an elevated level of nickel (0.036 mg/L), exceeding the health-based guideline value for
nickel (0.02mg/L) in the ADWG. The investigation undertaken has concluded that the nickel
exceedance appears to be an unexplainable anomaly. It was an isolated incident and not an
ongoing issue, and the probable cause of the elevated nickel result was contamination during
sampling procedures.

Nickel: ADWG Health Guideline 0.02mg/L. A chemical element and silvery white corrosion resistant metal with a golden tinge. 60% of nickel production is used in nickel steel (particularly stainless steel). In water, mainly a problem with nickel plated fittings. Main releases to the environment are from the burning of fossil fuels and in waste discharges from electroplating industries.

Bendigo Southern (Victoria) Turbidity

2020/21: Bendigo Southern (Victoria) Turbidity 6.9 NTU (max). 2019/20 av: 0.1NTU

Chlorine-resistant pathogen reduction: Where filtration alone is used as the water treatment
process to address identified risks from Cryptosporidium and Giardia, it is essential
that filtration is optimised and consequently the target for the turbidity of water leaving
individual filters should be less than 0.2 NTU, and should not exceed 0.5 NTU at any time
Disinfection: A turbidity of less than 1 NTU is desirable at the time of disinfection with
chlorine unless a higher value can be validated in a specific context.

Aesthetic: Based on aesthetic considerations, the turbidity should not exceed 5 NTU at the
consumer’s tap.