2000/02 & 2010 September: Penneshaw (South Australia). Trihalomethanes, Antimony

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Penneshaw (South Australia) – Trihalomethanes

Breaches to Australian Drinking Water Guidelines Levels Only

17/01/2000  Penneshaw Wrights Rd Trihalomethanes – Total 257 ug/L

22/02/2000 Penneshaw Wrights Rd Trihalomethanes – Total 356 ug/L

17/04/2000 Penneshaw Wrights Rd Trihalomethanes – Total 359 ug/L

17/07/2000 Penneshaw Middle Tce Trihalomethanes – Total 257 ug/L

17/07/2000 Penneshaw Wrights Rd Trihalomethanes – Total 331 ug/L

23/05/2002 Penneshaw Howard Dr Trihalomethanes – Total 261 ug/L

17/06/2002 Penneshaw Wrights Rd Trihalomethanes – Total 329 ug/L

Trihalomethanes Australian Guideline Level 250μg/L (0.25mg/L)

Why and how are THMs formed?
“When chlorine is added to water with organic material, such as algae, river weeds, and decaying leaves, THMs are formed. Residual chlorine molecules react with this harmless organic material to form a group of chlorinated chemical compounds, THMs. They are tasteless and odourless, but harmful and potentially toxic. The quantity of by-products formed is determined by several factors, such as the amount and type of organic material present in water, temperature, pH, chlorine dosage, contact time available for chlorine, and bromide concentration in the water. The organic matter in water mainly consists of a) humic substance, which is the organic portion of soil that remains after prolonged microbial decomposition formed by the decay of leaves, wood, and other vegetable matter; and b) fulvic acid, which is a water soluble substance of low molecular weight that is derived from humus”. Source: http://water.epa.gov/drink/contaminants/in

Penneshaw (South Australia) Antimony

One reading in South Australian breached ADWG between 2000-2012: Penneshaw 29/9/10 0.0031mg/L.

Antimony: ADWG Guideline 0.003mg/L. Antimony shows similar toxic effects as arsenic. Can be a problem with antimony-tin solder.