Oodlawirra (South Australia) – E.Coli Non Potable Drinking Water
2019/20: Oodlawirra E.coli positive detection from 1 out of 4 samples. Highest detection 14 MPN/100mL. (av 2019/20 3.5 MPN/100mL) Non-potable drinking water
Thermotolerant coliforms are a sub-group of coliforms that are able to grow at 44.5 ± 0.2°C. E. coli is the most common thermotolerant coliform present in faeces and is regarded as the most specific indicator of recent faecal contamination because generally it is not capable of growth in the environment. In contrast, some other thermotolerant coliforms (including strains of Klebsiella, Citrobacter and Enterobacter) are able to grow in the environment and their presence is not necessarily related to faecal contamination. While tests for thermotolerant coliforms can be simpler than for E. coli, E. coli is considered a superior indicator for detecting faecal contamination…” ADWG
Oodlawirra (South Australia) – Lead
Too Much Lead In Drinking Water (9 Feb 2012) “Lead levels are said to be too high in the drinking water of four outback towns on the Barrier Highway in South Australia. MP Dan van Holst Pellekaan says about 130 samples were checked from Manna Hill, Olary, Oodlawirra and Yunta last financial year. He says seven were above the recommended level of 0.01 micrograms per litre and one sample from Manna Hill was more than 10 times the level. Residents say they were not notified of any testing, nor the results. Mr van Holst Pellekaan says he asked SA Water
Minister Paul Caica late last year for an explanation”. https://www.abc.net.au/news/2012-02-09/lead-levels-drinking-water-barrierhighway/3820014?section=sa%E2%80%8F
Oodlawirra – South Australia – Temperature
NON POTABLE DRINKING WATER
November 29 2016: Oodlawirra (South Australia) – Temperature 26C
February 7 2017: Oodlawirra (South Australia) – Temperature 26C
“No guideline is set due to the impracticality of controlling water temperature.
Drinking water temperatures above 20°C may result in an increase in the number of
Temperature is primarily an aesthetic criterion for drinking water. Generally, cool water is more palatable than warm or cold water. In general, consumers will react to a change in water temperature. Complaints are most frequent when the temperature suddenly increases.
The turbidity and colour of filtered water may be indirectly affected by temperature, as low water temperatures tend to decrease the efficiency of water treatment processes by, for instance, affecting floc formation rates and sedimentation efficiency.
Chemical reaction rates increase with temperature, and this can lead to greater corrosion of pipes and fittings in closed systems. Scale formation in hard waters will also be greater at higher temperatures…
Water temperatures in major Australian reticulated supplies range from 10°C to 30°C. In some long, above-ground pipelines, water temperatures up to 45°C may be experienced…
The effectiveness of chlorine as a disinfectant is influenced by the temperature of the water being dosed. Generally higher temperatures result in more effective disinfection at a particular chlorine dose, but this may be counterbalanced by a more rapid loss of chlorine to the atmosphere (AWWA 1990).
Chlorine reacts with organic matter in water to produce undesirable chlorinated organic by-products, and higher temperatures increase the rate of these reactions.
Temperature can directly affect the growth and survival of microorganisms. In general the survival time of infectious bacteria and parasites is reduced as the temperature of the contaminated water increases.
Australian Drinking Water Guidelines 2011